The 3 trials have been healthy to have indicate decades, and you may distribution away from intercourse and you can neuter condition of pet (i


About three groups of Edging collies (GWL pets, Hungarian pets, Austrian animals), the avove the age of 10 months of age, was basically one of them investigation. e., a haphazard shot might have been selected in the HU and Bien au animals to suit the latest descriptives of your G dogs).

All of the animals within the GWL dogs class knew new name out-of 10 > toys (Binomial try, p dos ). Whenever a big difference is actually utilized in a given grounds, i work with additional analyses into facets of one to basis, and you will Game–Howell article-hoc evaluation (Industry 2013) had been focus on where tall differences was in fact found. I made use of Cohen’s d to help you guess the outcome proportions for those pairwise comparisons. To manage to the incorrect finding rate (FDR), we utilized Benjamini–Hochberg process (Benjamini and Hochberg 1995) to modify brand new p philosophy having several contrasting. SPSS (variation 28, IBM Agency) was used for all mathematical analyses with the exception of Cohen’s d and that try determined by hand.


Descriptives of the means and standard deviations of the three dog groups can be found in Table 1. Fearfulness, Aggression towards People, and Aggression towards Animals did not differ significantly between the three samples of Border collies (p > 0.184 for all). However, we found a significant difference between the samples in Activity/Excitability (F2. = 5.137, p = 0.020, ? 2 = 0.059) and Responsiveness to training factors (F2. = 7.988, p = 0.003, ? 2 = 0.094). In the former (Activity/Excitability) factor, Hungarian Border collies received lower scores than GWL dogs (p = 0.020, d = 0.792) and tended to receive lower scores than Austrian Border collies (p = 0.066, d = 0.459). Subsequent analyses of the facets of this factor showed significant differences in Excitability and Playfulness between the samples. Regarding the Excitability facet (Fdos. = , p 2 = 0.104), Hungarian Border collies were found to be less excitable than both the GWL dogs (p 2 = 0.067), GWL dogs were more playful than both Hungarian (d = 1.006) and Austrian Border collies (d = 0.892, p 0.193 for both).

In the case of the Responsiveness to training factor, Austrian Border collies received lower scores than GWL dogs (p = 0.014, d = 0.829) and, on a trend level, also lower than Hungarian Border collies (p = 0.056, d = 0.419). Regarding the two facets of beautiful eastern european women this factor, the results did not show a significant difference between the samples in Trainability (p = 0.193), only in Controllability (Fdos. = , p 2 = 0.129). In this facet, we found that Austrian Border collies received lower scores than both GWL dogs (p = 0.003, d = 0.965) and Hungarian Border collies (p = 0.006, d = 0.676) (Fig. 1c).


The same as person studies (E.grams., Stankov 2018; Wirthwein et al. 2019), our very own exploratory research failed to come across differences in extremely character traits between the talented in addition to typical pet. Really the only attribute one displayed a distinction anywhere between GWL Border collies and the Austrian and Hungarian samples of regular Border collies is actually Playfulness. Thus, because the hypothesized, giftedness in the fixing a particular situation (accepting items based on verbal names) could be on the higher amounts of playfulness.

The fresh new quick reading out-of model labels is actually shown to take place in lively personal contexts into the holder (Fugazza mais aussi al. 2021a, b), that may subsequent rather have training when you look at the very playful someone by providing a lot more days having learning. So much more lively pet have been in addition to discover to ascertain eye contact having individuals reduced (Bognar 2021), that may then assists a verbal framework, for instance the one out of and that object names is actually properly read from the GWL pet.

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