5 (passport study out of stuff inside the seventies and you will mid-eighties). A) Potato landraces delivery within the Ecuador. The research components chose because of it study provided: B) State regarding Carchi (north of the nation), C) State out of Chimborazo (central area of the country) and D) Province off Loja (southern of the country).
That way, the amount of farmers needed to meet up with the needed total from fifty farmers per browse urban area try reached
The sooner potato collection missions on the 1970s and you may 1980s produced over eight hundred accessions off Ecuadorian potato landraces. Such products integrated 82 accessions of Carchi, 35 regarding Chimborazo and you may 41 out-of Loja. not, usually, accessions have been shed and just 91 Ecuadorian potato landraces were still maintained old boyfriend situ at the time the first collection affairs to have this research were performed inside the 2006.
Given that carried out in the sooner series, we browsed the cantons Espejo, Mira, El Angel, Huaca, Montufar, San Gabriel and you may Tulcan within the Carchi; Chunchi, Colta, Guamote, Guano, Penipe and you will Riobamba inside Chimborazo (the new canton Alausi are one of them collection, but not regarding the 1970s-mid-eighties range), and Gonzanama, Loja and Saraguro into the Loja. Brand new collections then followed new methods currently used by INIAP or any other gene finance companies ( Castillo and you can Herman, 1995 ). The latest farmers was told of your aim of this research and you will it offered to supply the information on the loan companies. Since there is actually no details about anyone growers that have been went to on collection objectives on 1970s and you can mid-eighties, pointers was gained in every mi-crocenter getting farmers holding „old potato landraces”, toward assumption this snowball strategy perform submit some pointers concerning current people out of landraces. The fresh look out-of landraces was not limited to those individuals currently stated, but also for all offered old landraces. Just after collecting a certain landrace, any landrace with the exact same title away from various other farmer during the an identical canton is thrown away. Landraces have been merely gathered if morphological looks is (slightly) unlike the brand new synonym landrace. All range was an example of five to help you 10 tubers. After each and every range trip, brand new potato examples was indeed taken to this new INIAP-Santa Catalina Fresh Channel from inside the Quito to own propagation and you can comparison.
To get details about towards the-farm potato conservation on the about three browse section, a survey with thirty-two concerns was wishing (Appendix step one). Fifty (50) producers was indeed picked inside the per search city. First, all producers one considering germplasm was interviewed. Following, this type of farmers was in fact questioned to suggest other potato growers regarding the area that were already growing potato landraces or was actually growing them in the past. From the chose farms, this new interviews was basically through with either women or men, predicated on availability.
So it fieldwork try carried out out of
Around three you to definitely-from day to night farmer meetings were structured in for every single look town: one in Tenta-Loja (), and also the last one out of Pisicaz-Chimborazo (). These meetings got around three objectives: step one. to provide producers having viewpoints regarding the surveys, dos. in order to clarify a number of the issues that arose from the interviews, step 3. to go back landraces gathered from inside the each data city with the farmers. Most of the producers involved in the ghana dating app collection and you can survey process was in fact greet.
The information on studies was processed in Do just fine database and exported to help you SPSS 15.0 getting studies (SPSS Inc., USA). Descriptive statistics and you will bi-variate correlations (Pearson, two-tailed) was in fact carried out.
The latest snowball method used to see farmers saving potato landraces is actually effective. Brand new farmers during the for each place discussed almost every other producers which have specific landraces. Shortly after browsing every possible farmers regarding the components which have landraces, but inside Chimborazo where even more farmers had landraces in their industries, different landraces was tracked for range. During the very first visit to Carchi, 14 accessions regarding potato landraces was in fact obtained about Montufar canton. A second trip after you to definitely year added other 38 landraces. Getting Chimborazo, INIAP-CIP held a portfolio goal at the beginning of 2006 in order to a couple of cantons: Colta and Guamote. During the time, 46 landraces have been built-up. A subservient range done in 2008 various other cantons (Guano, Penipe, Rio-bamba, Alausi and you will Chunchi) contributed to 16 the newest landraces. Inside the Loja, during , sixty potato landraces had been gathered. A maximum of 174 landrace accessions were gathered of 17, twenty eight and you can 30 farmers during the Carchi, Chimborazo and you may Loja, respectively. Growers expanding potato landraces was in fact scarcer during the Carchi and you can distributed inside Loja (and consequently much harder to track down), whilst in Chimborazo the producers (such as the local communities) kept old landraces within areas.